Best Readers

Sunday, September 27, 2015


                          Man's Peril
                                                - Bertrand Russell 

                Bertrand Russell was a prolific writer. He is one of the greatest masters of English Prose. His uniqueness of thought and clarity of expression are evident in the present selection. In this lesson, "Man's Peril", he warns nations and the general public to set aside their conflicting ideologies and save the beautiful earth from total destruction.
                Bertrand Russell appeals to all concerned as a human being, a member of the species man, whose continued existence is in doubt. A war with the hydrogen bombs put an end to the human race.
               In his view, it seems that the 'general public' have not realised the real impact of a war with atomic bombs. A hydrogen bomb is 25,000 times as powerful as that which destroyed Hiroshima. So the stark, dreadful and inescapable problem before us is whether we shall put an end to the human race or if we shall give up wars. He explains in great detail the role of ordinary people in the peace process and requests the ‘general public’ to be more aware and assertive so that the fate of the nations need not be decided by despotic leaders alone.
              On both sides of the Iron Curtain there are political obstacles to emphasize the bad effects of war. Each side of the Iron Curtain resembles duelists. Though they are afraid of their lives, it is cowardice on their part drawing out any compromise formulae. Here, neutrals play an important role to prevent the outbreak of a world war.
              According to geological time, man has so far existed only for a very short period. But he has been doing well for the last 6,000 years. If we remember humanity and forget everything else, the way lies to us to a new paradise. Otherwise, we have to face universal death. Hence, Russell asserts that the role of the ordinary people in the peace process and the only 'wisdom of the ordinary citizen' can ensure progress and prosperity and pave the way for 'Universal Peace'. So we can save our planet from “Universal Death.”
·         Prolific :  producing a great number or amount of something
·         Evident : easily seen or understood; obvious
·         Ideology: a theory, or set of beliefs or principles
·         Assertive: describes someone who behaves confidently
·         despot : a person, especially a ruler, who has unlimited power over other people, and often uses it unfairly and cruelly
·         assert : to say that something is certainly true
·         pave the way : it makes the other thing possible

B Tech I SEM : Trailblazers: G R Gopinath

              Gorur Ramaswamy Gopinath is an entrepreneur and founder of the Indian airlines ‘Air Deccan’. He is a retired captain of the Indian army, an author, a politician and a pioneer for low cost air travel within India.  
                G.R.Gopinath was born on 13th, November 1951 in the village of Gorur in Karnataka. His father was a school teacher and farmer. When he was in fifth standard his school head master informed all the students that an admission test was going to be held in their school for those who wish to join Defence Forces. Unfortunately, Gopinath could not get through the exam as it was in English.
              The headmaster wrote a stern letter to the Ministry of Defence and pointed out how an all India test could only be conducted in English. After few days, Gopinath took the examination in Kannada and passed with flying colours. He learnt an important lesson from his headmaster that a person must be proactive to steer things one’s way, which he would remember for the rest of his life.
              Later, when he was commissioned as a captain in the Indian army, he took part in Bangladesh liberation war in 1971. He left the Indian army and purchased ten acres of barren land. He received the Rolex Laureate award for establishing an ecologically sustained sericulture farm. It was a good example of his grit and confidence. He started Malnad Mobikes, which supplied Enfield motor cycles. He opened a hotel in Hasan. He contributed articles in Kannada for magazines. With his experience in agriculture and farming, he established Water Resource Management Consultancy and started supplying irrigation systems.
             After securing solid reputation, he decided to tackle the world of politics. G.R. Gopinath, A.J.Sam, and Colonel Jayanth Poovaiah together started Deccan Aviation, the low-cost airline carrier in India. His business expanded and under the banner of LCC ,developed into a major player in the air industry. He received the “Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur”, the highest civilian award conferred by the French government.
            In 2007, Air Deccan was merged with Vijay Malaya’s Kingfisher Airlines. Then he started Deccan Charters and Deccan 360, which focus on cargo and the express logistics business.


                                                                                             L. A. HILL
            L. A. HILL is a famous essayist. He explains graphically the qualities of good writing in the present essay.

           We should be able to think clearly and logically then only we can   write well. We can improve our ability to think clearly and logically by practice  and Wide and careful reading increases our vocabulary and it also improves our power of expression. Good writing is more of hard work than inspiration. It is no good waiting for inspiration. We have to develop a warm and human understanding of people around us.

         News papers provide us with plenty of subjects to write about. They are full of examples of human joy and tragedy. These examples give us ideas for writing articles, essays and so on. We should improve our power of expression . For this, We should read widely and carefully. We have to learn to write interestingly. We have to keep in mind the interests of the readers we are writing for. Most of the people are interested in the present so we should write current issues.

          We have to choose subjects of which we have personal experience. Presentation is very important. The opening paragraph should arrest the reader’s attention. The main body of writing should deal with the ideas presented in the opening paragraph. The reader should feel satisfied with the conclusion.

          We must be interested in what we are writing. Then only we can arouse interest and sympathy of the readers. We should never try to create an impression.The writer should forget about himself. He should think only of the readers. Then only he can write naturally. It is always better to write in a simple language and conversational style. Clear and plain English in the fashion of the day. Decorated style is  out of date. A mixture of styles is also absurd. So the same style should be maintained throughout.

          Once the writing is finished, it must be revised critically. Weak ambiguous words and expressions should be replaced properly.

Monday, August 24, 2015

B Tech I SEM NON DETAIL -- G D Naidu -- Trailblazers

    Gopalaswamy Doraiswamy Naidu was born on 23rd March, 1893 in Kalangal, India. He was an Indian engineer and inventor. He was commonly referred to as the “Edison of India” for his significant contributions to the field of technology, industry and development. He was recognized for he built the first electric motor in India. He had attended only primary school, but gained technical knowledge out of his innovative ideas in scientific applications.
                  When Naidu was a youngster, he saw a foreigner riding a motor cycle through his village. He was excited and inspired with the sight of the motor cycle. Many of the children watched it in surprise, but he wished to ride the motor cycle himself and wanted to learn its mechanism. He worked at a hotel in Coimbatore as a waiter and earned about 400 rupees. Fortunately, he met the person who rode the motor cycle in his village and explained his passion for motor cycle. The foreigner gave the motor cycle to Naidu, as he was astonished by the determination of Naidu. He gradually understood the mechanism of the motor cycle. Soon, he procured a job as a mechanic.
                   In 1920, he established not only his own transport business but also dabbled in the cotton business. Overtime, his transport business expanded and owned the most efficient fleet of public transport vehicles (UMS) in the country. His passion for technology enlarged to cameras and films, and in 1935 he filmed the funeral of King George in London. A year later, he met Adolf Hitler, and was able to secure manufacturing contract. When he returned to India he entered to politics but lost the 1936 provincial general elections.
                    In his mid-forties, he collaborated with D.Balasundaram to create India’s first indigenous motor. It was a huge success in India. He invented an electric razor, a tamper-proof note - recording machine, a kerosene run fan.He began focusing on camera equipment and was fascinated by the ability to take photographs. He created a distance adjuster for film cameras. His inventiveness was not restricted to technology alone. He had piqued his interest in agriculture and identified new varieties of cotton, maize and papaya. Sir C.V.Raman and Mokshagundam Visvesvaraiah visited Naidu’s farm several times and were impressed by his grit and determination for invention.
                      In 1944, he retired from his automobile company. He established several charitable and philanthropic foundations. Though he did not attend school in childhood properly, he firmly believed in the importance of education and made it his mission to setup the first polytechnic in India. He became the principal of the college in 1945. He passed away on 4 th, January 1974. Sir C.V. Raman said, “Mr. Naidu is truly a man in a million - perhaps this is an understatement!” 

B Tech I SEM -- The Knowledge Society A P J Abdul Kalam --ENGLISH ESSENTIALS

          The “Knowledge society” is an extract taken from Abdul Kalam’s popular and famous book “Ignited Minds”. He tells that poverty can be rooted out by striking a balance between the past heritage and present day knowledge. He believes  in that India can reach the pinnacles and glory by following certain principles and applying modern technology.
          Knowledge has always been the prime mover of prosperity and power. India is a land of knowledge and it must rediscover itself. The foreign invasions and the colonial rule weakened India considerably. Knowledge has many forms and it is available at many places. It is acquired through education, information, intelligence and experience. It is manifested in artists, craftsmen, hakims, philosophers and saints. It plays a vital role.    
          India has been a country of great ancient heritage and culture. Knowledge acquisition has been thrust throughout the world. In addition, in Indian culture there has been the guru-shishya tradition and sharing of its knowledge even with the foreign travellers and students.
         During the last century the world has been changed from being an agriculture society to an industrial society. The technology played a crucial role. In 21st century knowledge has become the primary production resource instead of capital and labour. The qualification of a nation as knowledge society goes concomitant with its creation and deployment of knowledge.
          The knowledge society has two very important components driven by societal transformation and wealth generation. The societal transformation is in respect of education, health-care, agriculture and governance.
          In order to emerge as a knowledge super power by 2010 we should have tri-dimensional objects of societal transformation, wealth generation and knowledge protection. For this we have to protect our network and information generators from electronic attacks through surveillance and monitoring. Further we should protect one ancient knowledge and culture and focus attention on intellectual rights and related issues.

B Tech I SEM : In London by M K Gandhi -- ENGLISH ESSENTIALS

                      In London  --- M K Gandhi    
         “In London” is an extract taken from the autobiography of Gandhi ,titled “ My Experiments With Truth” being  translated into English by Mahdev Desai. Gandhi is known for his simplicity. In this lesson he tells us how he struggled hard when he stayed in London for his education.
              He decided that he should not trouble others. He was a vegetarian and he wanted to cultivate other accomplishments which make him a decent gentleman in society.Bond street was the centre of fashionable life in London so he bought a suit there . He felt  that the Bombay clothes were unsuitable to English society. So he bought new ones at “ The army and Navy” stores. He learnt the art of tying for himself. He wanted to dress like an  Englishman. Gandhi started taking lessons in dancing , French and elocution. He even attempted to take lessons in music but could not follow the Piano. He thought that he should learn to play the violin in order to cultivate an ear for the Western music.
          In his retrospection he thought that he was not going to spend a life time in England. This thought made him realize that he was wasting money . Having listened to Gandhi, the dance teacher was convinced and encouraged him to go ahead. He wrote letters to the other teachers also. They encouraged his idea. He struggled for austerity and frugality. He exercised strict economy in all aspects. His living with a family involved him a lot of unnecessary expenditure. So he decided to take two rooms on his own account. The rooms were close to the business place. So, he walked eight miles every day and this kept him physically healthy.
         Gandhi knew that the Bar examinations did not require great study. On a friend’s advice Gandhi decided to pass the London Matriculation ,though it was difficult he passed in  his next attempt. He was forced to learn Latin which was very useful in the paper of roman law. Gradually , he acquired a taste for Latin ,French  and Chemistry.
       Gandhi felt that his way of living did not fit in the modest means of his family . So, he adjusted himself with one room instead of two rooms and cooked food at home for breakfast.  Plain living saved his plenty of time and he passed his examination. Gandhi says at the end that he spent only frugal life which by no means of dreary one.