Best Readers

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Phrasal Verbs



A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb.

 Example:
I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. run + into = meet 
 He ran away when he was 15. run + away = leave home

Some phrasal verbs are intransitive. An intransitive verb cannot be followed by an object.
Example:
He suddenly showed up. "show up" cannot take an object

 Some phrasal verbs are transitive. A transitive verb can be followed by an object.
Example:
I made up
the story. "story" is the object of "make up"

Some transitive phrasal verbs are separable. The object is placed between the verb and the preposition.
Example:
I talked
my mother into letting me borrow the car. 
She looked the phone number up.

 Some transitive phrasal verbs are inseparable. The object is placed after the preposition.
 Example:
I ran into
an old friend yesterday. 
They are looking into the problem.

 Some transitive phrasal verbs can take an object in both places.
   Example:
  I looked
the number up in the phone book.
  I looked up the number in the phone book.

NOTE: Although many phrasal verbs can take an object in both places, you must put the object between the verb and the preposition if the object is a pronoun.
Example:
I looked
the number up in the phone book.
 I looked up the number in the phone book.
I looked it up in the phone book. correct 
I looked up it in the phone book. incorrect


Here is a short list of common phrasal verbs.


Separable
back up - cause to move back; support

blow off - ignore

break down – stop functioning, separate into component parts

break off - cancel

break up – separate, stop dating

bring about - cause to happen

bring off - accomplish 

bring on – cause

bring up – introduce a topic, raise a child

call off - cancel; order away

call up – telephone

call on – ask a student for an answer

carry on - continue 

carry out - fulfill; complete; accomplish

cheer up - cause to become cheerful

clean up - clean

close down - close permanently 

close up - close temporarily 

count in - include 

count out – exclude

cross out – eliminate

drink up – ingest quickly

drop off – leave someone or something someplace

figure out - interpret; understand

fill in / out - complete (a printed form) 

find out - discover 

fix up - repair; arrange in a suitable manner 

get across - cause to be understood 

give back - return 

give out - distribute; announce 

give up - surrender something

have on - be dressed in 

have over - entertain someone informally

hold off - delay; restrain

keep up - continue; keep the same pace 

leave out – omit

look up – search for in a reference book

make up – invent, create

move over - move to the side 

pass out - distribute 

pass up - not take advantage of

pick up - come to meet; learn casually

point out – indicate

put off - postpone 

put on - dress in; deceive or fool

set up - arrange 

show off - exhibit ostentatiously

take out – remove, ask for a loan

take over – take control

take up – to begin to practice a hobby

tear down - destroy 

tear up - tear into small pieces 

tell off - scold; reprimand 

think over - consider 

think through - consider from beginning to end 

throw away - discard 

try on - put on a garment to verify the fit 

try out - test 

turn down - refuse; lower the volume 

work out - solve 

write down – record
Non-separable

back out of - fail to keep a promise

break into - go into room forcibly; suddenly begin 

break out – to begin suddenly

care for - like; guard; supervise

carry on with - continue

catch up with - cover the distance 

check up on - examine; verify

come across - find accidentally

come by - find accidentally

count on - rely on

do away with - abolish

do with – be useful

do without - deprive oneself of

drop in at/on - visit casually 

drop out of - leave; quit

fill in for - substitute for

get away with - do without being caught 

get in - enter (a vehicle)

get off - descend from; leave

get on - enter (a vehicle); mount

get on with - proceed with

get over – recover, recuperate

get through with - terminate, finish

give in – submit to the will of the other

go around – sufficient quantity for everyone

go on - continue

go over – review, visit informally

go out – date someone

hang around - remain idly in the vicinity 

keep up with - maintain the pace of

look after - take care of

look down on - feel superior to

look for - search

look forward to - anticipate

make up for - compensate for

pick on - tease; bully

put up with – tolerate

stop by - visit informally

take after - resemble

talk back to - answer impolitely

talk over - discuss

turn into - become

watch out for - be careful for


Find out the correct :

1. She ought to give in/off/up smoking. It's bad for the health.

2. She felt a little chilly so she put on/off/out her sweater.

3. He understands animals because he was brought over/up/in on a farm
.
4. He lives in London but often goes over/along/down to Paris on business.

5. She lives in Scotland but often goes over/along/down to London on    
    business.

6. Bob is not very dependable; you can’t count up/off/on him.

7. The baby has red hair. He takes up/in/after his Irish mother.

8. "Come on, John, drink down/up/in or we'll miss the train."

9. The shop was losing money, so they had to shut it up/off/down.

10. They took in/off/out a mortgage to buy their new house.

Word List : to greet people , Introduce people , saying good bye and talking about health


Greeting People 
  Hello. / Hi.
Good morning. (before 12 o'clock)
Good afternoon.(after 12 o'clock)
Good evening ( after 4 pm ....)

Introducing People 
  What's your name?
  Who are you?
   My name is ...
   I am ...
   My friends call me ...
   You can call me ...
   Haven't we met (before)?
   Yes, I think we have.
    No, I don't think we have.
    I think we've already met.
    I don't think we've met (before).
    This is ... Meet ... Have you met ...?
    Yes, I have.
    No, I haven't.
    Yes, I think I have.
     No, I don't think I have.
    Hello, ... (name) Nice to meet you. (informal)
    Pleased to meet you. How do you do? (formal)
    Nice to see you.
    Nice to see you again.


Say Goodbye
   Good bye.
   Bye. / See you.
   See you later.
   See you soon.
   See you tomorrow.
   See you next week.
   Good night.


 Health 
   How are you?
   How are you today?
   Fine, thank you/thanks.
   Not too bad.
   Very well. I'm okay / all right.
   Not too well, actually.
   What's wrong with you?  
  What's the matter with you?
   Are you all right?
  I'm tired I'm exhausted .
  I've got a cold.

Word List to Express the appearance :




Appearance

I am / You are / He is / She is …

tall         small         overweight, fat            slim       young

old         … years old.

beautiful / pretty (M├Ądchen / Frau), handsome (Junge / Mann)

sun-tanned      pale

I have / You have / He has / She has (got) …

blue / green / grey / brown eyes

freckles          a beard                a full beard        a moustache
 
a goatee        a stubbly beard      blond hair          red hair

brown hair      black hair               dyed hair          blond highlights

short hair       long hair                 straight hair      curly hair / curls

a bald head     a square / round / triangular / oval face

a big / small / long nose

big / small ears

Clothing and Accessories

I wear / You wear / He wears / She wears …

glasses    contact lenses

I am wearing / You are wearing / He/She is wearing …

earrings           a necklace           a wristband      a bracelet

a cap                a red scarf           a tie

Character

I am / You are / He is / She is …

shy               quiet            lively              active

easygoing     outgoing       nice                 friendly

funny              happy        annoying            sad

aggressive        a pain in the neck               a little chatter box