Best Readers

Saturday, October 22, 2016

Phrasal Verbs

A phrasal verb is a verb plus a preposition or adverb which creates a meaning different from the original verb.

I ran into my teacher at the movies last night. run + into = meet 
 He ran away when he was 15. run + away = leave home

Some phrasal verbs are intransitive. An intransitive verb cannot be followed by an object.
He suddenly showed up. "show up" cannot take an object

 Some phrasal verbs are transitive. A transitive verb can be followed by an object.
I made up
the story. "story" is the object of "make up"

Some transitive phrasal verbs are separable. The object is placed between the verb and the preposition.
I talked
my mother into letting me borrow the car. 
She looked the phone number up.

 Some transitive phrasal verbs are inseparable. The object is placed after the preposition.
I ran into
an old friend yesterday. 
They are looking into the problem.

 Some transitive phrasal verbs can take an object in both places.
  I looked
the number up in the phone book.
  I looked up the number in the phone book.

NOTE: Although many phrasal verbs can take an object in both places, you must put the object between the verb and the preposition if the object is a pronoun.
I looked
the number up in the phone book.
 I looked up the number in the phone book.
I looked it up in the phone book. correct 
I looked up it in the phone book. incorrect

Here is a short list of common phrasal verbs.

back up - cause to move back; support

blow off - ignore

break down – stop functioning, separate into component parts

break off - cancel

break up – separate, stop dating

bring about - cause to happen

bring off - accomplish 

bring on – cause

bring up – introduce a topic, raise a child

call off - cancel; order away

call up – telephone

call on – ask a student for an answer

carry on - continue 

carry out - fulfill; complete; accomplish

cheer up - cause to become cheerful

clean up - clean

close down - close permanently 

close up - close temporarily 

count in - include 

count out – exclude

cross out – eliminate

drink up – ingest quickly

drop off – leave someone or something someplace

figure out - interpret; understand

fill in / out - complete (a printed form) 

find out - discover 

fix up - repair; arrange in a suitable manner 

get across - cause to be understood 

give back - return 

give out - distribute; announce 

give up - surrender something

have on - be dressed in 

have over - entertain someone informally

hold off - delay; restrain

keep up - continue; keep the same pace 

leave out – omit

look up – search for in a reference book

make up – invent, create

move over - move to the side 

pass out - distribute 

pass up - not take advantage of

pick up - come to meet; learn casually

point out – indicate

put off - postpone 

put on - dress in; deceive or fool

set up - arrange 

show off - exhibit ostentatiously

take out – remove, ask for a loan

take over – take control

take up – to begin to practice a hobby

tear down - destroy 

tear up - tear into small pieces 

tell off - scold; reprimand 

think over - consider 

think through - consider from beginning to end 

throw away - discard 

try on - put on a garment to verify the fit 

try out - test 

turn down - refuse; lower the volume 

work out - solve 

write down – record

back out of - fail to keep a promise

break into - go into room forcibly; suddenly begin 

break out – to begin suddenly

care for - like; guard; supervise

carry on with - continue

catch up with - cover the distance 

check up on - examine; verify

come across - find accidentally

come by - find accidentally

count on - rely on

do away with - abolish

do with – be useful

do without - deprive oneself of

drop in at/on - visit casually 

drop out of - leave; quit

fill in for - substitute for

get away with - do without being caught 

get in - enter (a vehicle)

get off - descend from; leave

get on - enter (a vehicle); mount

get on with - proceed with

get over – recover, recuperate

get through with - terminate, finish

give in – submit to the will of the other

go around – sufficient quantity for everyone

go on - continue

go over – review, visit informally

go out – date someone

hang around - remain idly in the vicinity 

keep up with - maintain the pace of

look after - take care of

look down on - feel superior to

look for - search

look forward to - anticipate

make up for - compensate for

pick on - tease; bully

put up with – tolerate

stop by - visit informally

take after - resemble

talk back to - answer impolitely

talk over - discuss

turn into - become

watch out for - be careful for

Find out the correct :

1. She ought to give in/off/up smoking. It's bad for the health.

2. She felt a little chilly so she put on/off/out her sweater.

3. He understands animals because he was brought over/up/in on a farm
4. He lives in London but often goes over/along/down to Paris on business.

5. She lives in Scotland but often goes over/along/down to London on    

6. Bob is not very dependable; you can’t count up/off/on him.

7. The baby has red hair. He takes up/in/after his Irish mother.

8. "Come on, John, drink down/up/in or we'll miss the train."

9. The shop was losing money, so they had to shut it up/off/down.

10. They took in/off/out a mortgage to buy their new house.

Word List : to greet people , Introduce people , saying good bye and talking about health

Greeting People 
  Hello. / Hi.
Good morning. (before 12 o'clock)
Good afternoon.(after 12 o'clock)
Good evening ( after 4 pm ....)

Introducing People 
  What's your name?
  Who are you?
   My name is ...
   I am ...
   My friends call me ...
   You can call me ...
   Haven't we met (before)?
   Yes, I think we have.
    No, I don't think we have.
    I think we've already met.
    I don't think we've met (before).
    This is ... Meet ... Have you met ...?
    Yes, I have.
    No, I haven't.
    Yes, I think I have.
     No, I don't think I have.
    Hello, ... (name) Nice to meet you. (informal)
    Pleased to meet you. How do you do? (formal)
    Nice to see you.
    Nice to see you again.

Say Goodbye
   Good bye.
   Bye. / See you.
   See you later.
   See you soon.
   See you tomorrow.
   See you next week.
   Good night.

   How are you?
   How are you today?
   Fine, thank you/thanks.
   Not too bad.
   Very well. I'm okay / all right.
   Not too well, actually.
   What's wrong with you?  
  What's the matter with you?
   Are you all right?
  I'm tired I'm exhausted .
  I've got a cold.

Word List to Express the appearance :


I am / You are / He is / She is …

tall         small         overweight, fat            slim       young

old         … years old.

beautiful / pretty (M├Ądchen / Frau), handsome (Junge / Mann)

sun-tanned      pale

I have / You have / He has / She has (got) …

blue / green / grey / brown eyes

freckles          a beard                a full beard        a moustache
a goatee        a stubbly beard      blond hair          red hair

brown hair      black hair               dyed hair          blond highlights

short hair       long hair                 straight hair      curly hair / curls

a bald head     a square / round / triangular / oval face

a big / small / long nose

big / small ears

Clothing and Accessories

I wear / You wear / He wears / She wears …

glasses    contact lenses

I am wearing / You are wearing / He/She is wearing …

earrings           a necklace           a wristband      a bracelet

a cap                a red scarf           a tie


I am / You are / He is / She is …

shy               quiet            lively              active

easygoing     outgoing       nice                 friendly

funny              happy        annoying            sad

aggressive        a pain in the neck               a little chatter box